Industrial order books are full, however the issue in acquiring sure supplies slows down manufacturing chains. Consequence: the restoration, which factors the tip of its nostril, is lengthy overdue.
This is likely one of the paradoxes of this return to high school. As demand skyrockets after a yr marked by well being restrictions linked to the Covid-19 epidemic, factories world wide are failing to maintain up. Wooden, metal, paper, iron: they have been missing all the things this summer time and the scenario doesn’t appear to be getting any higher.
Of all of the sectors, the automotive sector is probably the most affected by these provide difficulties. In query, the scarcity of semiconductors, this materials grow to be important for the present automobiles, very depending on electronics.
In France, a number of factories have been pressured to shut their doorways. Thus, that of Toyota in Onnaing (North), which manufactures the Yaris, delayed its resumption of manufacturing from August 23 to September 6.
The identical goes for Stellantis. The group, born from the merger between PSA and Fiat Chrysler, this week prolonged manufacturing stoppages in a number of of its automotive factories in Europe, on account of shortages of digital parts from Asia. As for the Renault group, it’ll partially cease manufacturing at its meeting vegetation in Spain for a most interval of two months by the top of the yr.
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In Germany, a rustic the place the automotive sector performs a serious position within the financial system, supply delays are piling up and producers’ difficulties are weighing on the restoration. Thus, based on a survey by the American agency IHS Markit, manufacturing exercise is at its lowest for six months throughout the Rhine. “Manufacturing progress is now decrease than new orders to an extent not seen in additional than 25 years of information assortment,” mentioned Phil Smith, economist at IHS Markit.
Shortages are additionally plaguing British companies. Image of those provide difficulties, the emblematic pubs are now not in a position to supply sure manufacturers of beer to their prospects, a consequence of the Covid-19 pandemic but additionally of Brexit, which made it tough for the UK to enter the UK. truck drivers from Japanese European nations.
A mult disasterifactorielle
This unprecedented scenario is partly defined by a “mismatch between provide and demand”, analyzes Line Rifai, financial system columnist at France 24. “With the comfort of well being measures, demand for a lot of items has jumped, factories then sought to extend the speed of their manufacturing and purchase extra parts and spare components, way over the amount out there. “
Within the case of the semiconductor scarcity, there are additionally cyclical accidents, reminiscent of the hearth at a manufacturing web site in Japan or the closure of a manufacturing unit in Malaysia on account of a brand new wave of Covid contamination. -19.
As well as, the robust demand for client electronics, linked particularly to teleworking, additionally penalized the automotive sector. “There was a dramatic transformation in demand. In america, purchases of sturdy items like computer systems elevated 30% within the first half of the yr in comparison with the identical interval in 2019. Nobody may have predicted that.” , says economist Denis Ferrand, director basic of the Rexecode analysis institute, joined by France 24.
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Lastly, logistics chains are nonetheless struggling to get again into working order, particularly due to the shortage of manpower. “The worldwide provide chain was based mostly on precarious staff, who have been dismissed initially of the pandemic and have since transformed or moved on to one thing else”, particulars Rémi Bourgeot, economist and affiliate researcher at Iris, joined by France 24 . “It was a system that labored simply in time and the Covid-19 has come to place a giant kick on this anthill of globalization. We see at the moment that it is extremely difficult to implement.”
In the direction of a worth improve?
These provide difficulties inevitably result in a rise in manufacturing prices for producers, who’re tempted to switch them to the worth charged to customers. Nonetheless, for the second, the rise within the worth of manufactured merchandise stays comparatively restricted.
“In actuality, the money circulation of French corporations was strengthened through the well being disaster,” explains Denis Ferrand, who mentions the help and loans assured by the State which have supported their monetary well being through the numerous lockdowns. Based on the economist, some corporations may due to this fact reap the benefits of this benefit to take care of steady costs and achieve new market share. “They’ll be capable to deal with these shortages and can be capable to bear the extra price linked to the availability difficulties. They don’t have any crucial to extend costs.”
For the second, it’s tough to know the way lengthy this case will final for corporations. “It’s a planning disaster in any respect ranges of the worldwide industrial construction. All of that is linked to the unpredictability of the evolution of the pandemic”, analyzes Rémi Bourgeot. Nonetheless, one can think about that the restrictive measures might be much less and fewer restrictive and due to this fact much less hampering world manufacturing and commerce within the coming months. “
Encouraging indicators certainly counsel the start of an easing with a slight decline in steel costs. “Opinion surveys amongst producers additionally present an enchancment in supply instances from their suppliers”, assures Denis Ferrand, “even when they’re nonetheless thought of too lengthy”.