Luis Inacio Lula da Silva of the leftist Workers’ Party defeated incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro in a runoff to become the country’s next president. While ex-military Bolsonaro has earned a reputation for outspoken commentary, far-right ideology and anti-science and anti-environment policies, here’s what you need to know about da Silva.
Who is Lula?
Born in 1945 in Caetés, Pernambuco, Brazil, Lula became one of Brazil’s most popular politicians and defined Brazilian politics for a decade.
The former shoe shiner and factory worker began his political journey when he joined the labor movement in Brazil, steadily rising through the ranks until he was twice elected president of the Workers’ Union of steel from São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema, a powerful labor union. in one of the most industrialized regions of the country. Lula was instrumental in organizing strikes and other important union activities at a time when Brazil was ruled by the military. He then became one of the founding members of the left-wing Workers’ Party in 1980. In 1986, a year after the collapse of the military government, Lula was elected as the most voted member of Congress in the entire country.
Despite his popularity, Lula ran for the country’s president three times before finally being elected for the first time in 2003. His ambitious social welfare policies like Bolsa Família and Fome Zero aimed to fight poverty and poverty. hunger, the objective being to arouse the Brazilian working class.
Lula was also responsible for helping Brazil play a bigger role on the international stage, having involved himself in issues such as the Iran nuclear deal and climate change.
But Lula’s presidency has been marred by corruption scandals, which have tarnished his image and come back to haunt him. In 2017, Lula was found guilty of money laundering and corruption at trial, resulting in a nine-and-a-half-year prison sentence. The judge presiding over the trial would become Bolsonaro’s Minister of Justice and Public Security. Lula spent over a year in prison and tried to fight in the 2018 election while on appeal, but was unable to do so due to Brazilian laws.
However, in 2021, the Supreme Court of Brazil reversed and reversed the judgments against Lula due to the fact that the original trial was presided over by a biased judge, resulting in Lula getting a clean score.
Lula now has less than a month to convince more people to vote for him at a time when Brazilian politics have become increasingly divisive and acrimonious.
(Edited by : Sudarsanan Mani)
First post: STI