To extend our effort to map international reactions to the Sukkot war, this new map shows which countries have called for a ceasefire in Gaza since October 7.
The methodology applied is as follows:
- Only countries that have clearly called for a ceasefire or a lasting end to the fighting in the Gaza Strip are taken into account here.
- Countries having declared that they are in favor of a “humanitarian pause”, “temporary cessation of fighting”, the establishment of a “humanitarian corridor”, etc. are not represented.
- Considering the controversies surrounding votes during resolutions at the United Nations (General Assembly and Security Council), the latter are not taken into account here as reflecting the official position of a country.
- Member countries of international organizations that have clearly called for a ceasefire following a summit or through a press release (Arab League, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, ASEAN, Caribbean Community) are considered here as defending this position.
In total, 99 countries (including Palestine) have publicly declared themselves in favor of a ceasefire through official declarations or through their heads of state or government.
- More than the majority of the latter are members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), which brings together 57 states.
- On Saturday, November 11, Saudi Arabia organized a summit in Riyadh bringing together the member countries of the Arab League and the OIC to jointly call for the establishment of an immediate ceasefire in the Gaza Strip. .
- In the Union, only Belgium, France, Greece, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Slovenia have officially called for a ceasefire on November 17, 2023.
- In Germany, if the first deputy spokesperson of the federal government, Christiane Hoffmann, declared on November 8 “we have decided in favor of a humanitarian ceasefire”, the Minister of Foreign Affairs Annalena Baerbock said a few days more late “understand the momentum for a ceasefire”1.
- She added, however, that “those seeking a ceasefire must answer questions: for example, how the demand for a ceasefire, acutely and now in this terrible situation, can does it guarantee that Israel’s security is assured? “, suggesting that she was opposed to such a measure2.
Beyond the condemnation of the land invasion of the Gaza Strip by the IDF and the call for a ceasefire, several countries have taken diplomatic measures against Israel in order to “protest against violations of international law humanitarian”, like Chile which recalled its ambassador for consultations on October 313.
Gn Fr France