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The race for the next governor of New York is in full swing, and Primary day is set for Tuesday, June 28. The early voting period began last weekend and continues through Sunday.

The primary will decide on some important questions: Will Governor Kathy Hochul, who took office after the resignation of her predecessor last August, win a decisive victory over the Democratic challengers? And who will be the main face of Republicans in the state?

Here’s what you need to know about the gubernatorial primaries and other races on the ballot.

In the Democratic primary, Governor Hochul is running against two challengers: Representative Tom Suozzi, a congressman from Long Island, and Jumaane Williams, the public attorney from New York.

In New York, lieutenant governors are elected separately. In the Democratic race, Ms. Hochul’s deputy, Lieutenant Governor Antonio Delgado, is running against Diana Reyna, a former city council member who is running in tandem with Mr. Suozzi, and Ana María Archila, an allied activist from Mr. Williams who was recently endorsed by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

In the Republican primary, the only candidate for lieutenant governor is Alison Esposito, a former New York police deputy inspector whom Mr. Zeldin named as his running mate.

Ms. Hochul has a formidable lead in fundraising over her Democratic opponents and has racked up key endorsements. She also wields the power of incumbency, emphasizing grassroots measures she helped push through the legislature, such as a bill to strengthen protections for abortion providers amid an expected decision Supreme Court looms to overturn Roe v. Wade.

Mr. Williams, who is challenging Ms. Hochul from the left, ran a competitive race against her for the post of lieutenant governor in 2018, but did not gain the same momentum this time around. Mr. Suozzi is clashing with party leaders in a bid to outflank the right-wing governor with a focus on crime and taxes.

The Republican race played in part as a referendum on former President Donald J. Trump. Mr Zeldin, once seen as a moderate, has become a staunch supporter of Trump who has accused his rivals of insufficient loyalty to the former president. This dynamic, whoever wins, creates a stark contrast between the parties ahead of the general election.

The June 28 ballot also includes primary races for the State Assembly, the lower house of the Legislative Assembly, which is controlled by Democrats. All 150 seats are up for grabs in the fall, although not all members face major challenges.

In the Democratic Assembly races, a slate of leftist candidates challenges a number of established members.

They aim to push Democrats to commit to progressive agenda items — such as climate bills, including one allowing the state to build public renewable energy projects — or to overcome them by focusing on these issues.

Candidates for attorney general and state comptroller are not opposed to the primaries, as is U.S. Sen. Chuck Schumer, the majority leader, though he has a Republican challenger in the fall.

Voters in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens can also cast ballots for judicial nominees.

The early voting period started last weekend and runs until Sunday, June 26.

You can also vote on Election Day, Tuesday, June 28. Polling stations are open that day from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m.

In most cases, your polling place during the early voting period will be different from where you would go on Election Day. Enter your address here to find the locations of each.

This website will also tell you the early voting times at your polling place, the locations of accessible entrances, and the legislative districts you are in. You may also have received a voter’s guide in the mail containing this information.

Anyone who encounters obstacles to voting can call the state’s Election Protection Hotline at 866-390-2992.

The deadline has passed to request a mail-in ballot, but you can apply online here.

You can also apply in person at your county board of elections until June 27, or identify someone else to submit your application. You can cite the Covid-19 pandemic or a number of other issues as reasons why you would like to vote by mail.

But under a recent law change, if you request an absentee ballot and then decide to vote in person instead of voting at a machine, you will need to submit an affidavit ballot.

Absentee ballots must be mailed or submitted to your county election committee before Election Day. Mail-in ballots must arrive by July 5 to be counted. To see if yours was received, use the new mail-in ballot tracker recently added to the voter registration and search page of state polling sites.

Just over 89,000 ballots had been cast during the early voting period starting Thursday, according to the state board of elections.

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