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The Election Commission of India will today announce the timeline for elections to the Assembly of five states that will go to the polls in 2022. The terms of the current assemblies of Goa, Punjab, Manipur, Uttarakhand and India ‘Uttar Pradesh will end between March and May. The elections, especially those in Uttar Pradesh, are expected to largely set the tone for the 2024 general election for Lok Sabha.
Here’s everything you need to know about the upcoming election
The Goa Legislative Assembly has a total of 40 seats, of which 23 are in the North Goa District and 17 in South Goa. The current distribution of seats is as follows: National Democratic Alliance, Bharatiya Janata Party – 25 seats, Independent – 1 seat; United Progressive Alliance, Indian National Congress – 2 seats, Goa Forward Party – 2 seats; Others, Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party – 1 seat, All India Trinamool Congress – 1 seat.
As the 2017 State Assembly elections saw the INC emerge as the largest party with 17 seats, massive defections drove the BJP’s number from 13 to 25, then forming the government under the leadership. the then Chief Minister, Manohar Parrikar.
The 2022 elections will see the INC, BJP, AITC and even the Aam Admi party attempt to win favor with the people of the state. Current Chief Minister Pramod Sawant will lead the charge for the BJP, while former CM Digambar Kamat of Goa will be at bat for the INC. TIAC MP Mahua Moitra also campaigned for the party in the state.
The Punjab legislature has a total of 117 seats, of which 59 are needed for a majority. The current distribution of seats is as follows: UPA, INC-80 seats; Opposition, AAP – 17 seats; Others, Shiromani Akali Dal – 14 seats, Lok Insaf Party – 2 seats; NDA, BJP – 2 seats.
The 2017 State Assembly elections saw the INC emerge as the largest party with 77 seats, three AAP defections increased their numbers. The political situation in the state has been fraught with many uncertainties. While the government was formed under the leadership of Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh, Singh quit the party due to disputes with other INC members, in particular the new Punjabi congressman Navjot Singh. Sidhu. He was replaced by Charanjit Singh Channi. The two-decade alliance between the BJP and SAD also came to an end after the BJP government introduced the three widely controversial farm bills.
The 2022 elections will be contested by the INC, BJP, AAP, SAD and Captain Singh’s new party, the Punjab Lok Congress, among several other parties. Important political leaders include Sidhu, Channi, Captain Singh, Sukhbir Singh Badal of SAD, Bhagwant Mann for AAP.
The legislature of Manipur has a total of 60 seats, of which 31 are needed to form a majority. The current distribution of seats is as follows: NDA, BJP – 29 seats; Government allies, Naga Popular Front – 5 seats, National People’s Party – 3 seats, Independent – 1 seat; UPA, INC – 14 seats; Others, AITC – 1 seat.
While the 2017 State Assembly elections saw the INC emerge as the largest party with 28 seats, the BJP with the help of allies NPF, NPP, the Lok Janashakti party and an independent succeeded. to form the government by reaching the necessary majority under the leadership of Chief Minister Nongthombam Biren Singh, former member of Congress.
The 2022 election will see the INC, BJP, TIAC, NPF, NPP, LJP and several other parties contend for most seats in the Legislative Assembly. Biren Singh will face stiffer competition from Okram Ibobi Singh, Congress leader and former CM of Manipur.
Uttarakhand’s legislature has a total of 70 seats, 36 of which are needed to form a majority. The current distribution of seats is as follows: NDA, BJP – 53 seats, Independent – 2 seats; UPA, INC – headquarters.
The 2017 State Assembly elections saw the BJP easily emerge as the largest party with 57 seats, which went on to form the government under Trivendra Singh Rawat. However, the internal party struggles that unfolded over the following years led Rawat to resign in 2021. He was followed by Tirath Singh Rawat, who himself resigned a few months later to avoid a constitutional crisis in the ‘State. He was replaced by the current Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami.
The 2022 elections will see INC, BJP and AAP go head-to-head. While the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Nationalist Congress Party have had some influence in elections in the past, their previous election results suggest they may not have a say this time around. AAP Col. Ajay Kothiyal, BJP Dhami and former INC CM Harish Rawat are the main election leaders.
The Uttar Pradesh legislature has a total of 403 seats, of which 202 are needed to form a majority. UP’s state assembly is the largest in India. The current distribution of seats is as follows: NDA, BJP – 303 seats; Government ally, Apna Dal (Sonelal) – 9 seats; Opposition, Samajwadi Party – 49 seats, Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party – 4 seats, Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya) – 1 seat; Others, INC – 7 seats, BSP – 15 seats, Independents – 3 seats, others – 2 seats.
The 2017 State Assembly was a landslide victory for the BJP, which won 325 seats despite not even nominating a candidate for chief minister at the time. The election was led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself for the BJP. Yogi Adityanath was then appointed Chief Minister of the State. State assembly elections are often seen as a precursor to the outcome of the upcoming general election for Lok Sabha. UP elections are widely contested by a large number of parties, many of which are not even regional powers.
The 2022 election will see a plethora of parties attempting to secure the largest share of seats possible. Major parties include BJP, INC, SP, RLD, BSP, AAP, AITC, Shiv Sena, Indian Communist Party, Janata Dal (United) and All India Majlis-e- Ittehadul Muslimeen, among others. Leaders who will attempt to tip voters in the state include CM Adityanath, Priyanka Gandhi, former CM Mayawati, Akhilesh Yadav and others.
(Edited by : Thomas abraham)
First publication: STI
What are the challenges of the next surveys?
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