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these sectors of activity which do not function without clandestine workers


Barthélémy Philippe, edited by Alexandre Dalifard

For his immigration bill, the Minister of the Interior wishes to create a specific residence permit for irregular workers working in a profession under pressure. For some specialists, without these illegal workers, certain sectors of activity, such as meal delivery platforms, would not have survived.

Creating a specific residence permit for irregular workers working in a sector lacking in manpower is one of the aspects of the immigration bill defended by Gérald Darmanin. The Minister of the Interior wants to allow foreign workers in an irregular situation to apply for their identity papers themselves whereas, until now, it is the employer who must carry out these steps. In France, there are 700,000 illegal immigrants according to Gérald Darmanin. However, the Ministries of Interior and Labor have no figures on who is working.

More than a million regular or illegal immigrants work in Ile de France

Occupations under pressure, in search of low-skilled labor seem to be those which recruit the most illegal immigrants, as confirmed by the former prefect Patrick Stefanini, an immigration specialist. “This concerns the entire cleaning sector, home help, construction and the hotel and catering industry.” But the job that is very regularly singled out when we talk about clandestine work is the delivery of meals.

According to Jérôme Pimot, founder of the Collective of Autonomous Deliverers of Paris, the platforms are unable to do without illegal immigrants. “We are around 100,000 people, and of these, more than half of the delivery people are undocumented. Without the illegal workers, the platforms would not have survived,” he says. According to a recent INSEE study, more than one million regular or illegal immigrants work in Ile de France. 61% of domestic workers as well as half of cooks and security agents are foreigners.


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