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The day before the geomagnetic storm in effect this Halloween following an intense solar flare

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The day before the geomagnetic storm in effect this Halloween following an intense solar flare

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On Thursday, the sun set off a large solar flare towards Earth, peaking at 11:35 a.m. EDT, scientists said.

Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation, and although harmful radiation from flares cannot pass through Earth’s atmosphere to have a physical impact on humans, when intense enough, they can disrupt the atmosphere in the earth. layer where GPS and communication signals travel.

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The rash was classified as X1, with class X being the most intense. The X10 flares are considered unusually intense.

This was the second X-class eruption in Solar Cycle 25, which began in December 2019.

Video from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center covering activity between October 25 and 28 showed the eruption.

Two other eruptions included an eruption of solar matter called coronal mass ejection and an invisible swarm of solar energetic particles that were projected towards Earth, Goddard said.

Coronal mass ejections are large clouds of solar plasma and integrated magnetic fields released into space after a solar flare. NASA notes that the fastest Earth-directed coronal mass ejections can reach our planet in as little as 15 to 18 hours.

The particles hit Earth’s magnetic shield and can create a type of space weather known as a geomagnetic storm.

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“One of the most common forms of space weather, a geomagnetic storm refers to any time the Earth’s magnetic environment, the magnetosphere, undergoes sudden and repeated changes,” says NASA Science. “Geomagnetic storms can be caused by high speed gusts of the solar wind and when a CME connects to the magnetosphere. The sun’s magnetic fields remove the outermost layers of Earth’s fields, changing the very shape of the magnetosphere. Magnetic storms have measurable effects around the world, such as radio communication failures and power grid failures. “

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Space Weather Prediction Center said Friday that a geomagnetic storm watch is in effect this weekend.

The center said the technology impacts of such a storm are generally minimal, but it has the potential to drive the aurora away from a normal polar home.

Auroras are displays of light in the sky typically occurring in northern and southern regions that occur when incoming charged particles from the sun strike oxygen and nitrogen about 60 to 200 miles into Earth’s atmosphere , releasing a flash of light and heat.

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Electrons and protons released by solar storms can create bright auroras at lower latitudes.

Due to the latest eruption, the Northern Lights can be seen in the far northeast, upper Midwest, and Washington state – although it can be difficult to see them if you live near city lights. .

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