Leaders of Shanghai Cooperation Organization countries are meeting for a two-day summit in Uzbekistan, in the city of Samarkand, a former major crossroads of trade routes between China and Europe.
Thursday September 15
Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived early in the morning in Samarkand. He was welcomed by a guard of honor and a delegation led by Uzbek Prime Minister Abdulla Aripov.
Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in Samarkand on September 14 to attend the summit. National songs and dances were performed to celebrate the arrival of the Chinese delegation.
Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi arrived in Samarkand on September 14, where he was welcomed by his Uzbek counterpart Chavkat Mirzioev. According to the press service of the President of Uzbekistan, after the joint photo session, the two leaders discussed a wide range of issues aimed at improving bilateral cooperation.
As the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit opens, our special envoy to Samarkand, Antoine Cléraux, takes stock of the situation.
In Uzbekistan, the city of Samarkand is hosting a two-day Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit on September 15 and 16.
The organization, whose members are China, Russia, India, Pakistan, the former Soviet republics of Central Asia – and very probably at the end of this summit Iran –, was created in 2001 as a political, economic and security cooperation tool competing with Western organisations.
The event is, among other things, an opportunity for Vladimir Putin to show that, despite the many Western sanctions currently in force against his country, Russia is not isolated on the international scene. More broadly, faced with the Russian-Western tensions generated by the conflict in Ukraine, this summit is an opportunity for Moscow and Beijing to reaffirm their contribution to the emergence of a multipolar world.
More than 20 years after its creation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) benefits from a considerable geographical area and a phenomenal demographic weight representing nearly half of the world’s population. Finally, the organization is also an economic power with significant energy resources.