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rents explode in Dakar

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rents explode in Dakar

Dieye Sarr has lived along with his household for twelve years in a small condominium within the common district of Grand Yoff in Dakar. However since he refused a rise in his hire, the true property company that manages his house has made his life not possible. “A bailiff got here thrice, though every time I used to be lower than a day late in paying the hire. And I by no means had any arrears ”, he complains.

Threatened with expulsion, he’s now summoned to the Dakar courtroom for refusing to pay bailiff charges. He suspects his landlord of desirous to make him depart to re-let his condominium at a better worth. “If I get evicted, I do not know the way I’ll discover new lodging as a result of the rents have grow to be too costly”, worries the daddy of the household.

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This state of affairs is increasingly frequent, notes Elimane Sall, president of the Affiliation for the Protection of Tenants of Senegal (ADLS) for whom the exorbitant enhance in rents in Dakar is past comprehension. “We’re approached daily by 5 to 10 tenants who ask for recommendation, usually following a summons for a hire enhance”, explains the activist, who estimates that greater than half of the incomes of Dakar residents is now absorbed by hire, decreasing their buying energy.

An energetic capital situated on a slender peninsula, Dakar has greater than 3.7 million inhabitants. That’s to say 1 / 4 of the Senegalese inhabitants, estimated at 17 million people who find themselves grouped in 0.3% of the territory. Confronted with excessive inhabitants progress and rural exodus, the financial and political capital is submerged and the provision of housing just isn’t enough to soak up the demand.

“Lots of hypothesis”

Between 1994 and 2014, rents elevated 256% within the Dakar area, in response to authorities knowledge. A rise that has continued since on the identical tempo in response to actual property market specialists.

“Costs have continued to extend drastically as a result of there’s numerous hypothesis. For instance, a property that was rented for 150,000 CFA francs [quelque 230 euros] per 30 days in 2014 is now rented to 350,000 [environ 530 euros] , observes Abdoul Diedhiou, supervisor of the Mon agent immobilier company, specifying that increasingly rich traders within the sub-region – similar to Ivorians or Nigeriens – are shopping for land in Senegal as a result of nation’s political stability.

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This stability additionally attracts corporations, establishments and worldwide organizations such because the UN which arrange their regional headquarters in Dakar. The inflow of expatriates with buying energy far better than these in Dakar is contributing to the value hike in sure sectors of the capital.

“Many actual property businesses and house owners solely want to hire to foreigners and have refused my utility”, regrets Kathy Diop, Senegalese center class. This French and English trainer at house has been on the lookout for an F2 condominium within the upscale Almadies district for a number of weeks with out success.

Even in the preferred neighborhoods

However rising rents are present in all neighborhoods, even the preferred. In accordance with Mamadou Mbaye, president of the Federation of Actual Property Companies and Brokers of Senegal, 56% of the inhabitants of the capital are tenants as it’s so tough and costly to amass a property.

“First, land could be very costly in Dakar as a result of there isn’t any more room, financial institution financing is inaccessible with rates of interest exceeding 10%, taxation continues to extend and the development price is excessive ”, checklist M. Mbaye. Components which decelerate funding in actual property and which have an effect on rents: landlords preserve elevating them in an try to achieve profitability.

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Nevertheless, the state had tried in 2014 to control costs with a regulation imposing a drop of four to 29% relying on the quantity of hire. The laws additionally required to have in mind the scale of the lodging and different standards similar to its dilapidation or its location within the agglomeration.

However in apply, the house owners continued to set their costs freely in response to the market. “The house owners evict their tenants, explaining that they need to do work or occupy their lodging themselves. After a lick of paint, they hire it once more at a better worth “, provides Elimane Sall, president of ADLS.

Regulatory failure

Amadou Thiam, Director Common of Development and Housing on the Ministry of City Planning acknowledges the failure of the 2014 regulation. “Regardless of the laws governing rents, costs have skyrocketed once more since 2019”, he notes. In response, the ministry is engaged on a mission to construct 100,000 houses on the market.

The target: to scale back rental demand and subsequently rents. “We’re focusing on first-time consumers, who usually work within the casual sector and have issue accessing financing. We offer them with a housing fund social with the intention to make them solvent ”, explains Mr. Thiam.

For the second, 28,000 housing models are underneath development on the outskirts of Dakar and within the inside of the nation, and 53,000 extra are anticipated to observe because of investments from Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. “The Dakar concern can’t be resolved by staying in Dakar. We want a decongestion coverage ”, specifies Mr. Thiam, who praises the brand new city of Diamniadio, 40 kilometers from Dakar, the place some ministries have been relocated.

Specialists and gamers in the true property market advocate going additional and exploring different avenues, similar to the development of social rental housing. “A social and average hire coverage would make it attainable to control the market”, considers agent Abdoul Diedhiou. Many are additionally calling for the institution of a authorities company to control hire costs and the sector.

In accordance with Amadou Thiam, a hire observatory ought to see the sunshine of day by October. Within the meantime, Dieye Sarr is anxious on the thought of ​​going to courtroom in early September the place he’ll know if he’s deported or not.

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