Former Algerian Minister of Overseas Affairs from 1991 to 1993, Lakhdar Brahimi, 88, was appointed on October 3, 2001, United Nations Particular Consultant for Afghanistan, a place he had already held from July 1997 to October 1999. He’s entrusted, on the identical time, with an analogous mission for Iraq. In these two international locations, america delegated to him, in truth, the coordination of political and institutional points. He left Afghanistan in 2004 and the UN in 2005. He was nonetheless, for a couple of months, a member of a peace committee, The Elders, alongside former senior politicians and Nobel Prize winners.
How would you qualify the American departure from Afghanistan after twenty years of presence?
It isn’t a navy defeat. It is just like the French and Algeria. It was america that determined to go away. They wished it for the reason that day they killed Bin Laden. After that, there have been no good occasions to exit. In 1989 the Soviets had been compelled to go away the nation, and within the XIXe century, the British suffered actual defeats.
After which, why at all times converse of an American defeat, it’s above all a victory of the Taliban, attributable to their tactical genius. It’s a nice thought to have began their offensive within the North. Everybody was ready for them within the South as a result of it was a bit of land that they had acquired. Earlier than being Islamists, they’re Afghans who don’t quit. It’s mentioned that Pakistan chewed up their work, however why not additionally say that there are clever and educated Taliban. It isn’t the primary world energy to have to go away Afghanistan.
May we think about every other finish than this brutal fall of the Afghan regime and the chaos of evacuations?
Sure. Peace was attainable with the Taliban. However nonetheless we might have needed to discuss to them, earlier than and after their fall, in 2001. Nonetheless, there was a unanimous refusal to dialogue with them. Within the years following the Bonn convention on the finish of 2001, which laid the foundations for the Afghan state, it was inconceivable to combine them. For the American neocons in energy, Donald Rumsfeld [secrétaire à la défense du président George W. Bush] within the lead, a very good Taliban was a Taliban in jail or useless.
In actuality, that they had not crushed the Taliban, that they had dispersed them. The mass, 200,000 to 300,000 folks, combatants, directors, had been nonetheless at massive, in Afghanistan or in Pakistan. After I mentioned to the People, “Do not you suppose it’s important to know what they’re pondering? », I received no reply. Pakistan, traditionally near the Taliban, might have performed a job, however it was offside. For Iran, Russia, India, america and their English or French allies, it was “Neglect concerning the taliban” [oubliez les talibans].
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