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partial agreement between government and opposition to end the crisis – RT in French

A second series of talks between the Venezuelan opposition and government was held from September 3 to 6, resulting in a first agreement signed between the two parties aimed at getting out of the political crisis the country is going through.

After four days of negotiations that began on September 3, representatives of the Venezuelan government and opposition said on September 6 that they had reached a partial agreement during talks in Mexico City, mediated by Norway, since August 13. This first agreement is part of a roadmap drawn up to deal with the economic and political crisis that Venezuela is going through.

We don’t need anyone to donate to us, we have sufficient resources

A joint declaration published by the Norwegian delegation on September 6 announces that the agreement concerns points related to social and health measures and to a territorial dispute between the country and neighboring Guyana.

The parties agreed to “establish mechanisms for restoring and guaranteeing resources that meet the needs of the population, with particular emphasis on the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, including those originating from multilateral organizations to which the Republic is entitled ”.

The representative of the Venezuelan government Jorge Rodriguez stressed that “these resources [une fois restituées] will be used to fight against Covid-19, the acquisition of more vaccines, the provision of hospitals, the strengthening of food programs and care for the Venezuelan people ”.

This declaration of principle does not specify whether the opposition has agreed to call on Western countries, led by the United States, to ease or lift economic sanctions against Venezuela, a fundamental point for the government of Nicolas Maduro. the agreement text nevertheless stresses that each party will have to “establish a process for reviewing the disadvantages derived” from the application of sanctions against the financial system.

“We do not need anyone to give us donations, we have sufficient resources that belong to the country and are sufficient to consolidate economic stabilization and serve the population,” added Jorge Rodriguez, president of the Venezuelan National Assembly in charge of these negotiations on the government side. A reflection in response to the multiple American attempts to impose humanitarian aid on his country and that the Venezuelan government has always refused, fearing that it will be used by Washington as a tool of interference in the affairs of the country.

The government of Nicolas Maduro continues to demand the release and return of its property abroad and the lifting of sanctions to be able to restore an economy in free fall.

When we sit at this table [de négociations], we understand that we are sitting with the United States

The second part of the agreement concerns a recognition of the “sovereignty of Venezuela over Guyana Esequiba”, the western part of Guyana located between the recognized border between the two countries and the Essequibo river. Esequiba, an area of ​​159,500 square kilometers rich in natural resources, has been claimed by Venezuela since 1897. On this point, the government and the opposition form a united front.

“There will be no impunity neither in Mexico nor on Mars”

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro welcomed this second round of negotiations. “The dialogue for peace and recovery is a success for the Venezuelans”, declared the head of state in a video tweet. Same satisfaction on the side of the opponent Juan Guaido, self-proclaimed president of the country in January 2019 and who does not participate directly in the negotiations. “The recognition of the complex humanitarian emergency and the progress in humanitarian agreements will make it possible to end the obstacles to save lives,” the former president of the National Assembly wrote on his Twitter account.

On September 5, Nicolas Maduro had nevertheless warned that no impunity would be negotiated during these discussions. A message sent, without naming it, to Juan Guaido and other opposition figures accused of coup attempts and violence. “There will be no impunity neither in Mexico nor on Mars, there must be justice. The damage they caused to the Venezuelan people with the theft of our property, the attempted coup d’etat, the signing of documents for an invasion of the country and to kill Venezuelans, is significant ”, declared the president during the meeting. ‘an interview on December 5.

“When we discuss with the opposition of Guaido, we negotiate with the United States”

If the United States is not physically present at the negotiating table, the Venezuelan president considers that they are involved. In the same interview, he stressed that the “extremist” opposition actors present in Mexico for the dialogue represent the United States government “because they are dependent on the Washington mandates”. “When we are seated at this table [de négociations], we understand that we are sitting with the United States because it is politicians dependent on American mandates. When we discuss with the opposition of Guaido, we negotiate with the United States ”, he maintained.

Nicolas Maduro was nevertheless satisfied with the recognition by the Guaidist opposition, through these negotiations, of the legitimacy of the government he chairs. According to him, this recognition of fact “dismantles the thesis of the duality of governments in Venezuela”. As a result, he believes that the plan developed by the Trump administration “has been crushed.” “The reality is that in Venezuela there is no duality of power, there is only one government […] There was a campaign bordering on stupidity, where an idiot declared himself president, ”declared the Venezuelan president.

For their part, the United States supports the ongoing negotiation process for the moment. “We welcome the start of negotiations […] We hope that this process will lay the foundations for the democratic outcome that Venezuelans deserve. We stand in solidarity with the Venezuelan people who are working peacefully to restore democracy ”, said on Twitter Ned Price, the spokesperson for the US State Department.

The next round of negotiations between government and opposition will take place over four days from September 24 to 27, still in Mexico City and under the aegis of Norway. Gerardo Blyde, the chief negotiator of the opposition gathered in a common platform, declared on September 6 at the end of the second round of the discussions: “We come to seek to emerge from the humanitarian crisis and to rebuild the way of the institutions and of democracy. ” Regarding the third round of discussions, he explained that they would focus on “the judicial system in Venezuela, a deep and complex issue, but on which we must begin the democratic reinstitutionalization of the country”.

At the end of the first discussions at the end of August, the opposition had already agreed to participate in the regional and municipal elections to be held in November, after more than three years of boycotting all the polls.

Meriem Laribi

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