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It isn’t good to stroll in Marseille or Aubervilliers, in line with the primary barometer of walkable cities in France

Ten thousand steps and extra. A point out of excellence for municipalities akin to Acigné and Cesson-Sévigné (Ille-et-Vilaine) or Gradignan (Gironde), on the high of these the place it’s good to stroll when it comes to security, consolation, amenities…; a “very unfavorable” for others, akin to Marseille or Aubervilliers (Seine-Saint-Denis). For the primary time, a nationwide barometer of walkable cities is made public, this Tuesday, September 7, with concrete criticisms and proposals to enhance the each day lifetime of pedestrians.

Bodily and psychological well-being, discount in cardiovascular danger components, prevention of osteoporosis, and many others., in the end with a discount in mortality: the well being advantages of strolling have been amply demonstrated, together with at low pace and from modest doses. The problem now’s to advertise city practices (notably when it comes to lively mobility), by creating the setting. Pedestrian insurance policies are based mostly on research on walkability, that’s to say on the strolling situations in a given space. Past the approval for customers, there might be an actual affect on public well being, in line with the scant work out there. “Canadians have proven, over a interval of ten years, that the prevalence of weight problems stays secure and that the incidence of diabetes decreases in neighborhoods with excessive walkability, in comparison with neighborhoods with much less walkability,” underlined the nutritionist Jean-Michel Oppert in December 2019 in The world.

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The stock of walkable cities was carried out by the French Mountaineering Federation (FFRP) with two associations, 60 million pedestrians, and Rue de l’énergie, in partnership with the Agence de l’environnement et de la power administration (Ademe). The general public session, on the identical mannequin as these carried out in 2017 and 2019 for biking cities, happened in the course of the winter of 2020-2021 (within the midst of the Covid-19 wave), and gathered 43,267 usable responses. The questionnaire included round forty questions with a scoring system overlaying 5 themes: emotions in regards to the each day lifetime of a pedestrian, feeling of security, strolling consolation, opinion on the significance given to journey on foot by the municipality, in addition to on fittings and tools.

Pedestrian protection

This isn’t a consultant survey: many of the respondents had been common walkers, half of them had been 55 and over, and 1 / 4 had been engaged in a strolling or pedestrian protection affiliation. However this survey is attention-grabbing due to its novel nature and its giant variety of contributors. It made it potential to categorise 200 municipalities of very variable measurement into seven classes (from A to G, wonderful to very unfavorable). Paris, Marseille and Toulouse, cities which recorded probably the most responses, are respectively rated D, G and E.

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