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Isro plans next-gen launch vehicle for heavier payloads


By PTI IST (Released)

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Dubbed the Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV), ISRO Chairman S Somanath said the space agency was working on the design of the rocket and wanted industry to collaborate with it in development.

As India plans to set up its own space station by 2035, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has offered industry to work with it to develop a reusable rocket capable of carrying payloads. heavier in orbit.

Dubbed the Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV), ISRO Chairman S Somanath said the space agency was working on the design of the rocket and wanted industry to collaborate with it in development.

“The intention is to involve industry in the development process. Not all the money needs to be invested by us. We want industry to invest in creating this rocket for all of us,” said said Somanath.

He said the rocket is slated to carry a payload of 10 tons to geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or 20 tons to low Earth orbit.

Another ISRO official said the new rocket would be useful as India plans to have its own space station by 2035 and is also considering deep space missions, manned spaceflights, freight and putting several communications satellites into orbit at the same time.

The NGLV is envisioned as a simple, robust machine designed for bulk manufacturing that will make space transportation more cost effective.

Somanath said the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), ISRO’s workhorse rocket, was based on technology developed in the 1980s and cannot be used to launch rockets in the future.

ISRO plans to have the NGLV design ready within a year and offer it to industry for production, with the first launch tentatively scheduled for 2030.

The NGLV could be a three-stage rocket powered by combinations of green fuels such as methane and liquid oxygen or kerosene and liquid oxygen.

According to a presentation by Somanath at a conference earlier this month, the NGLV could offer launch costs of $1,900 per kg payload in reusable form and $3,000 per kg in expendable form.

India’s space economy was estimated at $9.6 billion in 2020 and is expected to reach $12.8 billion by 2025, according to the ISpA-E&Y report titled “Developing India’s Space Ecosystem: Focusing on inclusive growth”.

In dollar terms, the satellite services and applications segment would be the largest with revenue of $4.6 billion by 2025, followed by the ground segment at $4 billion, satellite manufacturing at 3 .2 billion and launch services at $1 billion.

India’s share in the launch services segment was pegged at $600 million in 2020 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 13% to reach $1 billion by 2025, according to the report. .


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