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In Turkey, troopers imprisoned for a coup d’etat … in 1997

LETTER FROM ISTANBUL

Revenge is a dish finest eaten chilly, the followers of Turkish political Islam know a factor or two about it. Discovered responsible of getting “Overthrown by pressure the federal government of the Republic of Turkey” nearly twenty-five years in the past, fourteen retired generals had been imprisoned on Thursday, August 19. A month earlier, the Court docket of Cassation had confirmed their life sentences for his or her involvement within the drafting of the memorandum printed by the Turkish military on February 28, 1997.

At the present time remained within the annals like that of the “Postmodern coup”. In contrast to the opposite putches (1960, 1971, 1980, 2016), this one didn’t declare any victims, ensuing within the dissolution of the federal government led on the time by the champion of Turkish political Islam Necmettin Erbakan, the previous mentor of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The fourteen convicts, previous males affected by a number of pathologies, had been due to this fact imprisoned. Amongst them are Generals Cevik Bir, 82, and Cetin Dogan, 81, each former commanders of the 1D military. The autonomy of Cetin Dogan, diabetic and cardiac, is proscribed. The identical goes for Cevik Bir, who suffers from Alzheimer’s illness and can’t fend for himself. Their legal professionals imagine that they need to have been launched for well being causes, however the Court docket of Cassation determined in any other case.

4 months in jail for Erdogan

We are able to see there a revenge of the Islamo-conservative camp, engaged in interminable settling of scores with the military since its accession to energy in 2002. President Erdogan himself isn’t impartial on this trial of the generals since his daughter, Sümeyye, and his son Bilal are among the many complainants. The “tender” putsch of 1997 is a private damage, a trauma that he and his kinfolk by no means miss a chance to recall.

When the military-dominated Nationwide Safety Council shut down the Prosperity Occasion (Refah Partisi, Islamist) – the formation of Necmettin Erbakan, of which Recep Tayyip Erdogan is a member and due to which he was elected mayor of Istanbul 4 years earlier – the town councilor can fairly assume that his profession is off to a nasty begin. A couple of months later, he was sentenced to 120 days in jail for having learn in public a spiritual poem deemed subversive.

In 1997, the Turkish military was omnipotent. Very invested in its position of guardian of the ideas – together with secularism – prescribed by Mustafa Kemal, often known as “Atatürk”, the founding father of the Republic in 1923, it imposes its political choices on the civil authorities, which is compelled to use them. That is what occurred on February 28 when Necmettin Erbakan, then prime minister, was compelled to signal an eighteen level memorandum drafted by the army. Earlier than that, he will need to have listened in silence to the warning shot from the generals, outraged by his projection of Islam into the center of the general public sphere. Judged “Antilaïques”, the development of latest mosques, the opening of non secular colleges and foundations near Islamic brotherhoods should cease.

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