A timeline of events that unfolded
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In an unexpected move this morning, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said his government would repeal the three farm laws that sparked major protests from farmers across the country.
“We have decided to repeal the three agricultural laws. We will begin the constitutional process to repeal the three laws at the parliamentary session which will begin at the end of this month,” Modi said.
Since the laws were passed in 2020, farmer unions in several states have protested against them, calling them pro-business and anti-farmers.
There has been widespread unrest with farmers camping at the Delhi borders for several months now. Hundreds of farmers, mainly from Punjab, Haryana and the UP, lost their lives in the unrest that lasted for more than a year.
Several petitions challenging the laws have been filed with the Supreme Court. Failing to break the deadlock, the SC in January suspended the application of agricultural laws until further notice. Here is a timeline of events:
June 5, 2020: The Modi government has enacted three agricultural laws.
September 14, 2020: An ordinance relating to bills has been submitted to Parliament.
September 17, 2020: Lok Sabha adopted the ordinance.
September 20, 2020: Rajya Sabha also authorized the order.
September 24, 2020: Several agricultural unions in Punjab have launched a three-day “rail roko” campaign against the laws.
September 25, 2020: Nationwide protests have started in response to an appeal by the All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordinating Committee.
September 27, 2020: The president gives his assent to the three agricultural bills, notifies them as laws.
November 25, 2020: After a nationwide roadblock on November 3, farmers’ unions are launching the “Delhi Chalo” movement.
November 26, 2020: Police use water cannons and tear gas as farmers attempt to enter Delhi. They were later allowed to organize a peaceful protest at the Nirankari Ground in Delhi.
November 28, 2020: Interior Minister Amit Shah offers to meet with farmers.
December 3, 2020: Government holds first round of talks with farmers’ representatives. However, no solution could be found.
December 5, 2020: The two sides were also unable to agree on a solution in the second round of talks.
December 8, 2020: Farmers appeal Bharat Bandh against the laws.
December 11, 2020: The body of farmers – Bharatiya Kisan Union – has moved the Supreme Court against the three agricultural laws.
December 21, 2020: Farmers are on a one-day hunger strike at all protest sites.
December 30, 2020: The Center agrees to exempt farmers from the stubble burning penalty and abandon changes to the Bill to Amend the Electricity Bill, 2020.
January 7, 2021: The Supreme Court agrees to hear petitions challenging agricultural laws.
January 11, 2021: The highest court criticizes the Centre’s management of the farmers’ protest.
January 12, 2021: The Supreme Court suspends the three agricultural laws.
January 26, 2021: Farmers gather at Fort Rouge and clash with police, demanding that the government repeal the laws.
January 28-February 4, 2021: Several international and national celebrities – including pop icon Rihanna, climate activist Greta Thunberg, lawyer-author Meena Harris, niece of US Vice President Kamala Harris, Diljit Dosanjh and others – have joined in. pronounced against agricultural laws.
February 5, 2021: Delhi Police Cybercrime Unit files FIR for “sedition”, “criminal association” and “incitement to hatred” against creators of a farmer protests toolkit shared by Thunberg.
February 14, 2021: Delhi police arrest 21-year-old climate activist Disha Ravi for allegedly “modifying” the toolbox shared by Thunberg.
February 23, 2021: Disha Ravi is released on bail by a sessional court in Delhi.
05 March 2021: Punjab Vidhan Sabha passes resolution calling on the Center to unconditionally withdraw agricultural laws.
May 27, 2021: Farmers are observing “Black Day” to mark six months of unrest.
August 7, 2021: The leaders of 14 opposition parties discuss agricultural laws in parliament.
August 28, 2021: Haryana police crack down on farmers in Karnal, injuring several people in a baton charge.
September 5, 2021: Union Bharatiya Kisan leader Rakesh Tikait demonstrates force in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh.
November 13, 2021: To mark the end of a year of protest, Rakesh Tikait calls on agricultural unions to prepare for a large-scale protest on November 26.
November 19, 2021: Prime Minister Narendra Modi announces the decision to repeal three controversial agricultural laws, said the purpose of these laws is to strengthen and empower farmers with small land holdings. The prime minister also urged restless farmers to return home and start over.
A timeline of events that unfolded
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